III. Part or Mulberry Silk
Part or Mulberry Silk also occupies an important place in Assam’s Sericulture. About, 40,000 families of the state are engaged in the production of Mulberry Silk. The total area under the cultivation of food plants for the mulberry silkworms is about 2300 hectares. In Assam, the Mulberry Silk Worm culture is practiced on a large scale in the districts of Upper Assam. Lakhimpur, Sibsagar, Dibrugarh, and Jorhat districts are the important producers of Mulberry Silk. To produce more and more mulberry silkworm seeds, the State Sericulture Department has also organized a systematic “Seed Organisation Programme.” A Cold Storage plant has also been set up in the Kamrup District of Assam for the preservation of Mulberry Silk Worm Seeds. Although silk is produced in almost every district of Assam, Sualkuchi is the main silk weaving center of Assam. Situated in the Kamrup district, Sualkuchi is also called as the “Manchester of the East.” Weavers in Sualkuchi produces amazing fabrics of Muga Silk as well as Mulberry Silk. Recently Government of Assam has also introduced the Oak Tassar in Assam. Hill areas of Assam are suitable for cultivation of Oak Tassar, as Oak trees grow in abundance there. In the two hill districts of Assam – Karbi Anglong and North Cachar, five Tassar Centres have been set up for the production of seeds and rearing of Oak Tassar.